Broad Spectrum vs Full Spectrum CBD
There are various pros and cons between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products, mainly having to do with the naturally occurring compounds in the plant extract. Research around the effects of these compounds is in its early stages, but many users have provided anecdotal evidence that CBD products are effective for the relief of pain, anxiety, and other ailments. A 2018 study indicated that 62% of the people who use CBD, use it for the relief of medical symptoms, such as anxiety, pain, and depression.
CBD occurs naturally in the cannabis plant, which has been used as a folk medicine for centuries. THC is the most plentiful compound in cannabis plants, and CBD comes in at second place. Both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products contain multiple compounds and may contain some THC.
Main Differences between Broad and Full Spectrum
The primary difference between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD is the number of, and type, of compounds they contain. A CBD product is considered full-spectrum if it contains several naturally occurring cannabis plant extract compounds, including cannabinoids (including up to 0.3% THC) and terpenes.
Broad-spectrum CBD also contains some of these compounds, but it has only trace amounts of THC or, more commonly, none at all.
The third type of CBD is the isolate. This is a pure form of CBD, which contains no compounds at all, other than the CBD itself.
Be advised, however, that these terms are not well regulated, and some providers misuse them, intentionally or through lack of care – so it is always important to get the lab test details and read them carefully. A quality provider will always provide those.
You can buy broad spectrum CBD oil here.
If you're just starting out, try a low dose 500mg CBD oil like this one.
There are four main methods of extracting CBD from cannabis plants.
The first is carbon dioxide extraction which uses CO2 to separate the CBD oil from the plant. This method is capable of producing high concentration CBD.
The second is steam distillation, in which steam separates the oil from the plant. This method is not as effective as the CO2 method, but is still very popular.
The third is solvent extraction. This method is effective, but if solvents are left behind, there can be potential health risk, and can affect the taste of the extract
The fourth is lipid extraction, which is gaining popularity, as is avoids CO2 and solvents in the product.
Once the CBD has been extracted, the oil is considered full-spectrum. If the CBD was extracted from a hemp plant, then the THC content will be less than 0.3%.
The process ends with the cooling and purification of the product to result in a CBD isolate product. If it is processed even further, the final result will be a crystalline isolate known as CBD crystals.
Full Spectrum CBD Benefits
Full-spectrum CBD contains other compounds as well, including low levels of THC. Since the law requires that THC quantities be lower than 0.3% (dry weight), THC products usually comply with this. The low levels ensure that there is no ‘high’ resulting from use of these products and, in most cases, drug tests will not pick up that amount of THC.
There are some situations, however, in which the THC levels can increase beyond those levels. Concentrated tinctures may contain up to 2 mg per ml of THC, which some users say produces a mild euphoric effect.
Full-spectrum CBD also has a scent, because it contains the terpenes, which give the plants themselves their scents.
Broad-spectrum CBD also might have something called an ‘entourage effect,’ which means that the accompanying compounds can increase the potency of the beneficial effects some users report. THC may or may not be one of these.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that potential health effects could include suppression of seizures, antioxidant properties, antianxiety effects, pain relief, easing of psychotic conditions, relief from muscle spasms, and reduction of inflammation.
Our highest strength CBD oil is 2000mg per 10ml (click here to see more).
Broad Spectrum CBD Benefits
Broad spectrum CBD products contain cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene, and various terpenes. Due to the presence of these compounds, perhaps in concentration, many users report health benefits, including antibiotic, antiseizure, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is important to note that these are anecdotal reports, and more research needs to be conducted to verify the results.
It is important to note as well, that some products may contain trace amounts of THC. These will not be sufficient to trigger a ‘high’ in the user, but there is speculation that it may accumulate over time and risk triggering a drug test. Care must be taken to ensure products are purchased from a reputable and regulated seller, and that lab tests (included with purchases) confirm a 0% THC presence.
How much broad spectrum CBD oil can you use a day?
The amount of drops you can take per day depends on the potency of the CBD in your bottle. For our 2000mg oil, our recommended dose is 1-2 drops under the tongue, up to three times a day. How much CBD you can use per day may vary depending on lots of health factors, so always consult your doctor.
Which is better for sleep, Broad Spectrum or Full Spectrum CBD?
If the THC contained in full spectrum CBD makes you dizzy or leaves you feeling strange, then it's likely better for you to take broad spectrum CBD oil for sleep. See the CBD Puroil Night Relief here.
Does CBD need THC to work?
No CBD does not need THC to provide the beneficial effects. THC is the pyschoactive portion of the plant, and so once it's removed, you're left with the beneficial parts, including CBD, other cannabinoids, and terpenes. You can still get the entourage effect from CBD without the THC.
We also stock a dedicated CBD oil for women here.
Do Vape Shops sell CBD Oil?
Some vape shops in the UK will sell CBD oil, but it really depends on the brand. As vaping CBD has also become popular, many vape shops are finding that their customers enjoy purchasing and using both types of product.
Learn more about Hemp oil vs CBD oil here.
CBD isolate contains only CBD, with no additional compounds, including 0% THC. This is the safest bet for those who want to avoid any presence of THC, however the absence of some of the other non-THC compounds found in broad-spectrum products may mean that the product is less effective. This is due to the proposed ‘entourage effect’ of the additional compounds.
Some users try CBD isolate products first, to determine if they notice any positive effects with regard to their ailment or discomfort. If the desired effect is gained, they continue using that product. If it is not, they try a reputable, regulated broad-spectrum CBD product with a lab test confirming the level of THC contained in the batch – preferably 0%.
Dosage is also worth considering, as a slow increase in dosage may trigger the desired effect too. Note though, to NEVER EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED MAX DOSAGE.
Current evidence seems to suggest that full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products are more effective than isolates, but more research must be done to confirm the effects claimed through anecdotal evidence.
The reported increase in efficacy may be due to the entourage effect, the effect of the presence of additional compounds working in combination.
Terms and labels surrounding CBD products are not well regulated, so rely on third party lab reports instead of labels, as terms such as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate are sometimes misused or used interchangeably by some producers and sellers.
It is always advisable to consult a doctor before trying CBD products, as they may alter the effects other medications or complicate existing health conditions.